1. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)
With the increase in data, AI and ML are becoming increasingly important in various industries such as finance, healthcare, and education. From chatbots, predictive analytics to autonomous cars, AI and ML are being integrated everywhere. Python, R and TensorFlow are some of the popular tools used in AI and ML development.
2. Low-code/No-code Development
Low-code/no-code development platforms provide an efficient way to build applications with minimal coding requirements. These platforms include drag-and-drop interfaces, pre-built templates, and integrations that allow developers to quickly build applications without having to write code. These platforms are ideal for companies looking to create apps that are quick to develop and deploy while reducing coding costs.
3. Cloud Technologies and Serverless
Cloud technologies and serverless applications continue to dominate the software development landscape, offering developers scalable and flexible infrastructure that is widely accessible and highly available. Cloud providers like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform have provided a range of services such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS).
GraphQL is becoming a popular alternative to REST APIs for building scalable web applications. It offers developers a more efficient, powerful, and flexible approach to querying data. GraphQL allows developers to make fewer API calls, get the exact data required, and combine multiple data sources into a single query. Leading companies like GitHub, Shopify, and Airbnb have already adopted GraphQL.
DevOps when brought together with Agile development practices, enhances the development cycle by providing continuous integration, continuous delivery, and automation. DevOps brings together the development and operations team to work together to deliver software applications faster and with fewer errors.
6. Progressive Web Apps (PWA)
PWA is a term used to describe web apps that use modern web technologies to provide a native app-like experience to users. PWAs offer a smooth user interface, faster load times, and are accessible from any device or browser. This approach is faster and cheaper than developing apps for each platform individually. Leading companies such as Twitter, Starbucks, and Spotify have adopted this approach.
In conclusion, these are some of the top programming trends to watch in 2021. As always, developers should continue to learn emerging technologies to remain relevant and impactful in their work. Whether you’re working on AI and ML, Low-code development, Cloud Technologies, GraphQL, DevOps, or PWAs, it’s important to stay on top of these trends, as they are changing the face of software development and how we experience technology.